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Where Biden and Trump stand on key issues – Reuters.com

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Where Biden and Trump stand on key issues – Reuters.com

2020 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONWhere Biden and Trump stand on key issuesThe Nov. 3 election between Republican President Donald Trump and Democrat Joe Biden will give American voters a choice between two candidates with drastically different views of the world and divergent approaches to tackling some of the biggest issues facing the country.Here is a detailed…

Where Biden and Trump stand on key issues – Reuters.com

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2020 U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

Where Biden and Trump stand on key issues

The Nov. 3 election between Republican President Donald Trump and Democrat Joe Biden will give American voters a choice between two candidates with drastically different views of the world and divergent approaches to tackling some of the biggest issues facing the country.

Here is a detailed look at their policies and proposals in seven key areas.

Reopening the economy

Cautious

Cautioned against reopening without ramping up testing.

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Yes

Encouraged states to reopen as quickly as possible.

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More stimulus

Yes

Wants Washington to offer states more support in paying for unemployment benefits.

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Maybe

Further stimulus measures must include payroll tax cut.

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Tax cuts

Mostly no

Pledges to reverse some of Trump’s 2017 tax cuts by raising the marginal tax rate on the highest income earners back to 39.6% from 37%.

Supports expanding tax credits for lower-income workers.

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Yes

Touts his 2017 tax cuts as an example of his approach to stimulating economic growth.

Trump allies have said they will attack the policy of raising taxes while the economy struggles to recover.

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Trade

Resisted tit-for-tat tariffs

Voted for NAFTA as a senator.

Criticizes Trump’s tariff war with China as bad for US consumers and farmers, but also wants to boost domestic manufacturing and reduce dependence on China.

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Renegotiate trade deals

Wants to boost domestic manufacturing, continues to attack China.

Says America’s difficulties in procuring medical supplies internationally during the pandemic are another reason to encourage U.S. companies to avoid offshoring.

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Diversity and inclusion

Promises diversity

Has pledged that his Cabinet, judicial appointments and running mate will reflect the country’s diversity.

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Few Black advisers

Has very few Black Americans among his advisers and White House staff.

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Police reforms

“Refund” the police

Has accused the Trump administration of lax oversight of police departments facing possible civil rights violations.

Has resisted activist calls to “defund the police,” instead promising to invest $300 million in a program that gives grants to hire more diverse officers and train them to develop less adversarial relationships with communities.

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“Law and order”

Responded to the nationwide protests over the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis police custody by focusing on “law and order” and urging a militaristic response.

Also signed an executive order to take steps toward police reform and called for legislation to do more. It encourages police departments to employ the latest standards for use of force and to add social workers to law enforcement responses to nonviolent cases involving drug addiction and homelessness.

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Criminal justice reform

Yes

Wants to eliminate the death penalty, solitary confinement and jailing accused criminals until they pay a cash bail. Has pledged $20 billion in grants for states to reduce social ills like illiteracy and child abuse in exchange for scaling back mandatory-minimum sentences.

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Yes

In 2018 signed into law the First Step Act, a bipartisan measure reducing mandatory-minimum sentences, expanding drug treatment programs for prisoners and allowing some prisoners to finish their sentences early with good behavior.

Has also supported some “tough-on-crime” policies that disproportionately affect minorities, including seeking to restart executions of federal death row inmates.

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Addressing racial economic disparities

Yes

Calls for laws making it easier to sue over wage discrimination. Says will create new fair-lending and fair-housing protections, provide $300 million in grants to cities that reduce discriminatory zoning regulations and create a task force to address why Black people disproportionately die from COVID-19.

Says he would have a group study the feasibility of paying cash reparations to Black people as a result of slavery and segregation.

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Economic growth for all

Often touts Black unemployment rate, which hit the lowest levels on record before the coronavirus pandemic, when talking about his policies on race.

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Support for historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs)

Yes

Both candidates have voiced support for historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs).

Biden’s plan making public colleges and universities tuition-free to most students would apply to public HBCUs, and he would also invest more than $70 billion in the schools to start research institutes and for tuition support.

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Yes

Both candidates have voiced support for historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs).

Signed a law that the White House said made $255 million in funding for the institutions permanent and increased money for the federal Pell Grant program. The administration also touts a relaunched HBCU Capital Finance Board, legislation adding money for scholarships and research at HBCUs.

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Obamacare

Yes

Has vowed to bolster the ACA. Biden’s proposed healthcare plan would cost $750 billion over 10 years and would be financed by increasing taxes on the wealthy, according to his campaign.

Does not support a single-payer system like Medicare for All. Instead calls for a Medicare-like public option that would serve as an alternative, not a replacement, for private insurance.

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No

Has used executive power and the courts to undermine the Affordable Care Act (ACA), popularly known as Obamacare, after years of failed attempts by Republican lawmakers to repeal it.

Has not proposed a comprehensive replacement, despite Trump’s vow to deliver a better, less-costly healthcare system.

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Lower drug prices

Yes

Supports a bill approved by the Democratic-led House of Representatives last year that would allow Medicare to negotiate drug prices, as private insurers do. The Trump administration has said it would veto the bill, saying it would force drug makers to spend less on research and development.

Supports some form of importing prescription drugs from foreign countries to lower costs.

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Yes

Has proposed basing the price of some Medicare drugs on the cost in foreign countries, where medicines tend to be cheaper, but the effort has stalled.

Supports some form of importing prescription drugs from foreign countries to lower costs.

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Medicare/Medicaid expansion

Yes

Proposes lowering the Medicare eligibility age from 65 to 60. Such a change would potentially extend Medicare to some 20 million more Americans.

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No

Supports imposing work requirements and other limitations on Medicaid eligibility, as well as placing caps on Medicaid spending growth and converting Medicaid to block grants — all moves that experts say would result in fewer people covered.

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Limit immigration during the COVID-19 pandemic

No

Said Trump’s executive order, which temporarily blocks some foreigners from obtaining “green cards” for permanent residency in the United States, was designed to draw attention away from Trump’s failed reaction to the pandemic.

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Yes

Issued an executive order that temporarily blocks some foreigners from obtaining “green cards” for permanent residency in the United States, a move he said would protect American workers amid the economic fallout from the coronavirus outbreak.

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The U.S.-Mexico border wall

No

Proposes a plan that would end the diversion of funding from the military to build the wall and focus instead on border enforcement like investments in improving the screening infrastructure at ports of entry.

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Yes

There has been limited progress on constructing the wall. Mexico has refused to pay for it, leaving the U.S. government to foot the bill, partially from Pentagon funds. Federal court records show the Trump administration has ramped up efforts to seize land for the wall.

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Family separation

No

Says would end the prosecution of parents for minor immigration violations, which he calls an “intimidation tactic,” and make it a priority to reunite any children still separated from their families.

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Mostly yes

Trump’s “zero-tolerance” policy to prosecute illegal border crossings led in 2018 to several thousand children being forcibly separated from parents and legal guardians detained on the Mexico border.

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The policy, described by the administration as a deterrent, sparked outrage, and the backlash led Trump to sign an executive order to end the practice. But the administration continued to separate hundreds of kids traveling with other adult relatives.

Since the beginning of the coronavirus outbreak, the administration has moved to “expel” migrants in a rapid process without legal review, including minors.

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“Dreamers”

Yes

Says he will rescind the “cruel” decision to terminate the DACA program and strengthen protections for “Dreamers,” and make them eligible for federal student aid for college.

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No

In June, the U.S. Supreme Court blocked Trump’s effort to end Obama’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which protects roughly 649,000 immigrants — “Dreamers” who were brought illegally to the United States as children — from deportation.

The decision upheld lower court decisions that found that Trump’s 2017 move to rescind the program was unlawful but does not prevent Trump from trying again to end the program.

Trump said after the Supreme Court ruling that his administration would resubmit plans to end the policy but gave no details.

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Travel ban

No

Promises to rescind the bans, calling them an abuse of power designed to discriminate against black and brown immigrants.

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Yes

Signed an executive order banning entry to immigrants from seven Muslim-majority countries, a move Biden and other critics said discriminated against Muslims. A federal court blocked the initial ban, but in 2018 the Supreme Court upheld an amended version that has since been expanded to other countries.

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Clean energy climate plans

Yes

Proposes $2 trillion in spending over his first four-year term and aims to achieve 100% clean electricity by 2035. This is a speedier timetable and more money than his initial campaign plan to spend $1.7 trillion to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050.

Supports research into advanced nuclear energy.

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No

Does not have a climate plan on his campaign website, but an energy and environment section highlights his administration’s rescinding of Obama-era regulations.

Has doubted mainstream science on climate and said in April, “Our carbon, our atmosphere, our — the level of environmental cleanliness is at its all-time best right now” — an inaccurate claim.

Like Biden, he supports advanced nuclear technology.

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Regulating auto emissions

Yes

Wants to strengthen auto emission standards formed during the Obama administration, one of the era’s biggest achievements on climate.

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No

Two months after taking office in 2017, Trump announced he would undo Obama’s limits on auto emissions, saying he would “work tirelessly to eliminate the industry-killing regulations.” Since then, his administration has replaced the standards with weaker ones.

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Ban on coal, fracking

Cautious

Toes a careful line, resisting a push by his party’s liberal wing to impose a nationwide ban on fracking. Fracking increases emissions of gases linked to climate change but supports jobs across the country, and has allowed the United States to become the world’s top oil and gas producer.

Supports investing in coal communities by offering alternatives to mining work.

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No

Envisions a renaissance in “beautiful clean coal.” Coal is the fuel that emits the most carbon dioxide when burned.

Has announced plans to slash air and water regulations but due to abundant natural gas and falling prices for wind and solar power, he has failed to stop coal plant shutdowns during his term in office.

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Global push to tackle climate change

Yes

Says he will rejoin the 2015 Paris agreement on climate, which brought countries together to mitigate global warming, and lead a major diplomatic push to raise countries’ climate targets.

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No

Put in motion a process to remove the United States, the world’s No. 2 emitter of greenhouse gases behind China, from the Paris agreement, saying it was too costly for Americans.

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Tariffs on China

No

Says will remove tariffs for agricultural products but take a hard line on China’s alleged steel dumping and intellectual property infringement.

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Yes

Slapped tariffs on Chinese goods in hopes of bringing back U.S. jobs, but the trade war hurt U.S. farmers and cost manufacturing jobs.

Trump reached a partial “Phase 1” trade deal with China in January, but told Reuters in April the deal had been “upset very badly” by the economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.

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U.S. military in the Middle East

Yes, but with narrowed focus

Proposes a narrower focus for the U.S. military in the region on counterterrorism and working with local allies.

In January, after Iranian proxies and U.S. forces clashed in Iraq, Trump ordered a strike that killed the powerful Iranian commander Qassem Soleimani. Biden has said the strike “put the United States and Iran on a collision course.”

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Mixed

Has questioned the benefits of U.S. military interventions in the Middle East, especially the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

But has sent more troops to the region after the withdrawal increased tensions with Iran. In January, after Iranian proxies and U.S. forces clashed in Iraq, he ordered a strike that killed the powerful Iranian commander Qassem Soleimani.

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Iran nuclear deal

Yes, with conditions

Says he would deal with Iran through diplomacy and re-enter the nuclear agreement, but only if Iran first returned to compliance with the deal’s restrictions on its nuclear program.

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No

Pulled the United States out of the nuclear deal reached with Iran, European nations and Russia during the Obama administration.

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Meeting North Korea’s leader

No, unless preconditions are met

Biden has accused Trump of giving away U.S. leverage over the North Korean regime for little in return and said he would not meet Kim without preconditions.

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Yes

Trump met with North Korea’s supreme leader Kim Jong Un three times in 2018 and 2019, but efforts to get Kim to abandon the country’s nuclear weapons program have stalled.

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International alliances

Yes

Says will strengthen alliances like the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which Biden says would undo damage to American leadership and credibility inflicted by Trump.

Plans to invest $4 billion in Central America to address the poverty and corruption in the region that have sent migrants toward the southern U.S. border.

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No

Has angered NATO members and other U.S. allies, while refusing to criticize Russia’s leader Vladimir Putin, even when U.S. intelligence officials concluded the Russian military had interfered in the 2016 presidential election.

His campaign criticized Biden for pledging to restore U.S. relations with Cuba, claiming Biden was “selling out” Cubans and Venezuelans to appease the left of the Democratic Party.

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Breaking up Big Tech

Maybe

Biden, who was vice president during the Silicon Valley-friendly Obama administration, has criticized Facebook and other tech giants during his campaign and proposed a minimum federal tax aimed at companies like Amazon.com Inc.

Biden has said dismantling companies like Facebook was “something we should take a really hard look at.”

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Maybe

Trump, who has mixed relationships with tech companies, regularly bashing Amazon and its Chief Executive Jeff Bezos but meeting with Apple Inc’s Tim Cook, has said “there is something going on in terms of monopoly” when asked about big tech firms.

The Trump administration is conducting a wide-ranging antitrust probe into major tech companies, but both he and Biden have stopped short of calling for the firms to be broken up.

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Regulating social media

Yes

Biden, who has clashed with Facebook over its policies on political ads and manipulated videos, was the only Democratic presidential candidate who called for revoking Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, a key internet law that largely exempts online platforms like Facebook and Twitter from legal liability for users’ posts.

Biden recently called for Facebook to fact-check politicians’ ads in the two weeks ahead of the presidential election.

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Yes

Trump, whose digital campaign helped propel him to the White House in 2016, has long accused the companies, without evidence, of censorship against conservatives.

After Twitter put fact-checking labels on two of Trump’s tweets for the first time in May, the president signed an executive order that seeks new regulatory oversight of tech firms’ content moderation decisions and he backed legislation to scrap or weaken Section 230 in an attempt to regulate social media platforms. Experts said the executive order was unlikely to survive legal scrutiny.

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Sources

Reuters reporting

Graphics by

Minami Funakoshi

Reporting by

Joseph Ax, Elizabeth Culliford, Timothy Gardner, Trevor Hunnicutt, Jason Lange, Simon Lewis, Jeff Mason, Valerie Volcovici, John Whitesides

Editing by

John Whitesides

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